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Gigantol inhibits Wnt/β-catenin signaling and exhibits anticancer activity in breast cancer cells.

Gigantol inhibits Wnt/β-catenin signaling and exhibits anticancer activity in breast cancer cells.
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Yu S, Wang Z, Su Z, Song J, Zhou L, Sun Q, Liu S, Li S, Li Y, Wang M, Zhang GQ, Zhang X, Liu ZJ, Lu D,


Yu S, Wang Z, Su Z, Song J, Zhou L, Sun Q, Liu S, Li S, Li Y, Wang M, Zhang GQ, Zhang X, Liu ZJ, Lu D, (click to view)

Yu S, Wang Z, Su Z, Song J, Zhou L, Sun Q, Liu S, Li S, Li Y, Wang M, Zhang GQ, Zhang X, Liu ZJ, Lu D,

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BMC complementary and alternative medicine 2018 02 1418(1) 59 doi 10.1186/s12906-018-2108-x

Abstract
BACKGROUND
Gigantol is a bibenzyl compound derived from several medicinal orchids. This biologically active compound has been shown to have promising therapeutic potential against cancer cells, but its mechanism of action remains unclear.

METHODS
The inhibitory effect of gigantol on Wnt/β-catenin signaling was evaluated with the SuperTOPFlash reporter system. The levels of phosphorylated low-density lipoprotein receptor related protein 6 (LRP6), total LRP6 and cytosolic β-catenin were determined by Western blot analysis. The expression of Wnt target genes was analyzed using real-time PCR. Cell viability was measured with a MTT assay. The effect of gigantol on cell migration was examined using scratch wound-healing and transwell migration assays.

RESULTS
Gigantol decreased the level of phosphorylated LRP6 and cytosolic β-catenin in HEK293 cells. In breast cancer MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 cells, treatment with gigantol reduced the level of phosphorylated LRP6, total LRP6 and cytosolic β-catenin in a dose-dependent manner, resulting in a decrease in the expression of Wnt target genes Axin2 and Survivin. We further demonstrated that gigantol suppressed the viability and migratory capacity of breast cancer cells.

CONCLUSION
Gigantol is a novel inhibitor of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. It inhibits Wnt/β-catenin signaling through downregulation of phosphorylated LRP6 and cytosolic β-catenin in breast cancer cells.

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