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Glycemic control and associated factors among type 2 diabetic patients at Shanan Gibe Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia.

Glycemic control and associated factors among type 2 diabetic patients at Shanan Gibe Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia.
Author Information (click to view)

Yigazu DM, Desse TA,


Yigazu DM, Desse TA, (click to view)

Yigazu DM, Desse TA,

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BMC research notes 2017 11 1510(1) 597 doi 10.1186/s13104-017-2924-y
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
The aim of this study was to assess the rate of glycemic control and factors affecting glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients.

RESULTS
A total of 174 type 2 diabetic patients were interviewed and were studied. Mean age of the patients was 48.98 ± 14.96 years (range 18-80 years). More than half (51.7%) of the patients were males. About a third of patients, 53 (30.5%), were on antidiabetic medications for less than 5 years. The most common prescribed antidiabetic medications were insulin, 48 (27.6%), and metformin 15 (8.6%). One hundred seven (61.5%) patients were on combination therapy (two drug treatment) and the remaining patients were on monotherapy. The majority, 103 (59.2%), of patients had uncontrolled blood glucose. A larger proportion of female patients, 54 (52.4%), had uncontrolled blood glucose than males. Level of education (p < 0.001) and duration of diabetes treatment (p < 0.001) were significantly associated with glycemic control. Adherence of patients to regular follow up (Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) = 2.42, 95% CI 1.08-5.44, p = 0.03) and diabetes treatment for 5-10 years (AOR = 4.64, 95% CI 1.79-12.06, p = 0.002) are found to be independent predictors of glycemic control among type 2 diabetes patients.

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