Does co-administration of GnRH agonist and Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG; dual trigger) in IVF cycles improve the number of mature oocytes and pregnancy outcome compared to hCG alone?
Using the dual trigger for final follicular maturation increases the number of oocytes, mature oocytes and number of blastocysts (total and top-quality) compared to triggering with hCG alone.
hCG is used at the end of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation as a surrogate LH surge to induce final oocyte maturation. Recently, based on retrospective studies, the co-administration of GnRH agonist and hCG for final oocyte maturation (dual trigger) has been suggested to improve IVF outcome and pregnancy rates.
A single center, randomized controlled, double-blinded clinical trial between May 2016 and June 2018 analyzed by intention to treat (ITT).
One hundred and fifty-five normal responder patients were randomized either to receive hCG or dual trigger for final oocyte maturation. Data on patients age, BMI, AMH, number of oocytes retrieved, number of metaphase 2 (MII) oocytes, zygotes and blastocysts, clinical pregnancy rate and live birth rate were assessed and compared between the dual trigger group and the hCG group. We performed a planned interim analysis after the recruitment of 50% of the patients. Based on the totality of outcomes at the interim analysis we decided to discontinue further recruitment.
One hundred and fifty-five patients were included in the study. The age (36 years versus 35.3 years P = NS), BMI (24 kg/m2 versus 23.7 kg/m2) and the AMH (20.1 pmol/l versus 22.4 pmol/l) were comparable between the two groups. Based on ITT analysis, the number of eggs retrieved (11.1 versus 13.4, P = 0.002), the MII oocytes (8.6 versus 10.3, P = 0.009), total number of blastocysts (2.9 versus 3.9, P = 0.01) and top-quality blastocysts transferred (44.7% versus 64.9%; P = 0.003) were significantly higher in the dual trigger group compared to the hCG group. The clinical pregnancy rate (24.3% versus 46.1%, OR 2.65 (1.43-1.93), P = 0.009) and the live birth rate per transfer (22% versus 36.2%, OR= 1.98 (1.05-3.75), P = 0.03) were significantly higher in the dual trigger group compared to the hCG group.
The enhanced response observed with the dual trigger might lead to better IVF outcomes were it used more widely.
The study was funded by TRIO Fertility. There are no conflicts of interest to declare.
ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02703584.
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