G protein-coupled receptor class C group 5 member B (GPRC5B) is involved in extracellular glucose sensing, glucose metabolism, and insulin resistance. Many cancers require glucose at high concentrations to survive and grow. We have investigated the association between tumour GPRC5B expression and the prognosis for patients with cancer, including head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), using data from The Human Protein Atlas. The 5-year survival rate was significantly reduced in patients with HNSCC, gastric, pancreatic, colorectal, and breast cancers if their tumours exhibited high levels of GPRC5B expression. The role of GPRC5B in glucose metabolism was assessed using six HNSCC cell lines with varying levels of GPRC5B expression. High levels of GPRC5B expression were found to favour rapid cell growth. The viability of an HNSCC cell line with normal and transfected GPRC5B expression was also assessed and no differences were observed under standard culture conditions. However, under glucose-deficient culture conditions, GPRC5B-overexpressing cells exhibited increased viability and reduced apoptosis. The results highlight the association between high GPRC5B expression and poor 5-year survival rates in patients with various cancers, including HNSCC. Furthermore, we have demonstrated that GPRC5B supports cancer cell survival under glucose-depleted conditions and could be a target molecule for cancer therapy.