Plant-derived dietary lectins have been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of several inflammatory diseases, including hepatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes, and celiac disease. In this present study, we aimed to assess whether green tea polyphenols (GTPs) exerts protective effects against plant lectins-induced liver damage and inflammation in mice. The C57BL/6 mice received intragastric GTPs (200 mg/kg b.w.) once per day for 7 consecutive days prior to plant lectins stimulation (50 mg/kg b.w., intraperitoneally). GTPs supplementation alleviated the histopathological changes of liver and the disorder of serum biochemical parameters in plant lectins-challenged mice. GTPs supplementation also alleviated plant lectins-induced oxidative stress and liver inflammation, decreasing protein contents and gene expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the plasma and hepatic tissue and increasing antioxidant capacity in the liver. GTPs decreased the protein expression levels of myeloperoxidase, F4/80 and neutrophil, as determined by immunohistochemical analysis, and T lymphocytes (CD4 and CD8) contents as determined by immunofluorescence analysis, in the liver. Moreover, we found that GTPs inhibited Nod-like receptor family, pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasomes and increased nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathways in the liver tissues. Taken together, these results show that GTPs alleviates hepatic inflammatory and damage immunological reaction after plant lectins challenge, and GTPs (or green tea intake) supplements can be beneficial for people exposed to plant lectins.Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.