Shock (Augusta, Ga.) 2017 09 27() doi 10.1097/SHK.0000000000001008
Remifentanil post-conditioning (RPC) confers robust cardioprotection againstis chemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. We recently determined that HDAC3 was involved in RPC-induced cardioprotection. However, the role of HDAC3 and its possible mechanisms in RPC-induced cardioprotection are unknown, which we aimed to evaluate in an in vitro hypoxia/reoxygenation (HR) model.
Myocardium I/R injury was established following HR with H9c2 cardiomyoblasts. Cell viability and apoptosis were evaluated usingCCK-8 and flow cytometry of HR-injured cardiomyoblasts treated with or without RPC. Furthermore, effects of RPC on HDAC3 protein and mRNA expression were evaluated with Western blot and quantitative real-time PCR analyses, while GSK-3β expression was measured with Western blot.
RPC increased cell viability and reduced cell apoptosis (P < 0.05) in H9c2 cardiomyoblasts subjected to HR injury. In addition, RPC promoted the phosphorylation of GSK-3β at Ser9 site (P < 0.05) and suppressed the protein and mRNA expression of HDAC3 (P < 0.05). Lentiviral-transduced overexpression of HDAC3 had no significant effects on HR injury, while attenuated the cardioprotective effects of RPC on cell viability and apoptosis (P < 0.05), GSK-3β phosphorylation (P < 0.05) in H9c2 cardiomyoblasts. CONCLUSIONS
RPC attenuates apoptosis in H9c2 cardiomyoblasts after HR injury by downregulating HDAC3-mediated phosphorylation of GSK-3β. Our findings suggest that HDAC3, and its crosstalk function with GSK-3β, may be a promising target for myocardium I/R injury.