BMC cardiovascular disorders 2018 01 3118(1) 17 doi 10.1186/s12872-018-0751-2
Heart rate (HR) is a prognostic marker that is increasingly used as a therapeutic target in patients with cardiovascular disease. The association between resting and mean HR remains unclear. We therefore set out to determine the relationship between resting HR on the electrocardiogram (ECG) obtained at a single time point, and mean HR on implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) interrogation amongst patients with a reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF).
Prospective ICD data were obtained from 54 patients with LVEF < 40%. Mean HR determined using the ICD HR histograms was compared with resting HR measured on the ECG performed in the clinic. RESULTS
Average resting and ICD mean HRs were 67.9 ± 10.1 and 67.8 ± 9.6 bpm respectively. There was good correlation in the overall cohort (r = 0.79), in those with resting ECG HRs ≤ 70 bpm (r = 0.62), and amongst the 27 patients on intermediate-to-high dose beta-blockers (r = 0.91). However, Bland-Altman analysis demonstrated wide limits of agreement in the overall cohort (- 12.5, 12.7 bpm), at resting HRs ≤ 70 bpm (- 12.7, 9.8 bpm), and on intermediate-to-high dose beta-blockers (- 8.9, 7.4 bpm). Moreover, resting HR did not predict the 10-bpm interval where the most time was spent.
While resting HR correlated with mean HR in patients with reduced LVEF, and in important subgroups, the limits of agreement were unacceptably wide raising concern over the use of single time point resting HR as a therapeutic target.