Kardiologia polska 2017 08 23() doi 10.5603/KP.a2017.0167
Nicotine addiction is the strongest factor in the increase of the risk of recurrent ischemic events.
The aim of the study was to analyze the effectiveness of smoking cessation educational program in the population of patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction within the "Heart without smoke" campaign.
In this study, we included 100 consecutive patients, active smokers, hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (STEMI or NSTEMI) at the Center for Invasive Cardiology, Angiology and Electrotherapy in Pińczów, Poland in the period from January to December 2015 (12 months). Patients were participants in the educational campaign about tobacco addiction "Heart without smoke".
At one month follow up observation: 61 patients quit smoking and additional 35 decreased the number of cigarettes a day. During 6-month follow-up interview: 51 patients did not smoke cigarettes (13 returned to smoking, 3 additional stopped smoking, 1 person died). There were no statistical significant correlations between smoking cessation and gender (p=0.4; p=0.2), age (p=0.8; p=0.8) and length of prior smoking habit (p=0.8; p=0.5) and daily cigarette consumption before myocardial infarctions (p=0.3; p=0.3) one month and six months after hospital discharge, respectively.
Constant education of patients after myocardial infarction was an effective method for smoking cessation in over 50% of smokers 6 months after myocardial infarction.