Mild hyperbaric treatment prevents type 2 diabetes progression due to increased oxygen concentration and blood flow in skeletal muscle. However, it remains unknown whether this treatment is effective during all stages of type 2 diabetes. This study aimed to investigate the influences of hyperbaric treatment at 1.3 atmospheres absolute (ATA) on hemodynamic response in various stages of type 2 diabetes. Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) and Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats were used as models of type 2 diabetes and healthy controls, respectively. Glucose levels were significantly higher in OLETF rats than in LETO rats at all ages. Glucose intolerance gradually increased with age in OLETF rats. Insulin levels in OLETF rats were significantly higher at 20-week-old, however, were significantly lower at 60-week-old than in LETO rats. Oxy-Hb, total Hb, and StO in skeletal muscle were increased during hyperbaric treatment in both rats. The hemodynamic changes were significantly higher in OLETF rats than LETO rats, and those changes were also pronounced at 8-week-old compared with other age in OLETF rats. These results suggest that hyperbaric treatment at 1.3 ATA acts on pathophysiological factors and the efficacy could be found only in the early stage of type 2 diabetes.