Iron overload comprises one of the main complications of congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type I (CDA-I). When analyzing magnetic resonance imaging T2* (MRI T2*) results in CDA patients, two previous studies reported discordant results regarding iron load in these patients. To further understand iron loading pattern in this group of patients, we analyzed MRI T2* findings in 46 CDA-I patients. Mild to moderate hepatic iron overload was detected in 28/46 (60.8%) patients. A significant correlation was found between serum ferritin and liver iron concentration (LIC). A significant correlation (p value = 0.02) was also found between the patient’s age and LIC, reflecting increased iron loading over time, even in the absence of transfusion therapy. Notably, no cardiac iron overload was detected in any patient. Transfusion-naive patients had better LIC and better cardiac T2* values. These results demonstrate that a high percentage of CDA-I patients have liver iron concentration above the normal values, risking them with significant morbidity and mortality, and emphasize the importance of periodic MRI T2* studies for direct assessment of tissue iron concentration in these patients, taking age and transfusional burden into consideration.

References

PubMed