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HIF1α regulates glioma chemosensitivity through the transformation between differentiation and dedifferentiation in various oxygen levels.

HIF1α regulates glioma chemosensitivity through the transformation between differentiation and dedifferentiation in various oxygen levels.
Author Information (click to view)

Wang P, Wan W, Xiong S, Wang J, Zou D, Lan C, Yu S, Liao B, Feng H, Wu N,


Wang P, Wan W, Xiong S, Wang J, Zou D, Lan C, Yu S, Liao B, Feng H, Wu N, (click to view)

Wang P, Wan W, Xiong S, Wang J, Zou D, Lan C, Yu S, Liao B, Feng H, Wu N,

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Scientific reports 2017 08 117(1) 7965 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-06086-2
Abstract

Chemotherapy plays a significant role in glioma treatment; however, it has limited effectiveness in extending the life expectancies of glioma patients. Traditional studies have attributed this lack of efficacy to glioma stem cells (GSCs) and their high resistance to chemotherapy, and hypoxia worsens this issue. In contrast, hyperoxia effectively alleviates hypoxia in glioma and sensitizes glioma cells to chemotherapy. In a summary of traditional studies, the majority of researchers overlooked the influence of hypoxia on differentiated cells because they only focused on the maintenance of GSCs stemness, which thus resulted in chemoresistance. Because of this background, we hypothesized that GSCs may be induced through dedifferentiation under hypoxic conditions, and hypoxia maintains GSCs stemness, which thus leads to resistance to chemotherapy. In contrast, hyperoxia inhibits the dedifferentiation process and promotes GSCs differentiation, which increases the sensitization of glioma cells to chemotherapy. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF1α) contributes substantially to the stemness maintenance of GSCs and resistance of glioma to chemotherapy; thus, we investigated whether HIF1α regulates the resistance or sensitization of glioma cells to chemotherapy in different oxygen levels. It highlights a novel viewpoint on glioma chemosensitivity from the transformation between dedifferentiation and differentiation in different oxygen levels.

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