Chemotherapy 2017 07 1462(6) 334-338 doi 10.1159/000477797
Doxorubicin (DOX) and trastuzumab (TRA) are associated with cardiac dysfunction.
High-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) and brain natriuretic peptide attached to the amino acid N-terminal fragment in the prohormone (NT-proBNP) were measured before and on days +1, +2, +3, and +7 during cycles 1 and 2 of therapy with DOX or TRA in breast cancer patients.
Five of eleven DOX-treated women, compared with 2/11 TRA-treated women, had undetectable baseline hs-TnT. By day +1 of cycle 2, all the DOX-treated women (p = 0.03) but only 7/11 TRA-treated women (p = ns) had detectible hs-TnT. Time to peak was 1-2 days for both groups. In the DOX-treated women, hs-TnT showed significant peaks from precycle baseline, increases in precycle 1 to precycle 2 levels, and a cycle 1 to cycle 2 peak and area under the curve (AUC). hs-TnT increased from precycle (1, 4.6 ± 6.3 pg/mL) to a cycle 2 peak of 16.1 ± 15.0 pg/mL (p < 0.002). No increases were seen with the TRA treatment. Transient posttreatment increases in NT-proBNP were seen after both therapies. CONCLUSION
DOX was associated with increased pretreatment baseline, peak, and AUC hs-TnT levels. Both DOX and TRA acutely perturb NT-proBNP. Assessment of pre- and posttreatment hs-TnT could be a means of quantifying cumulative myocardial injury in the course of chemotherapy.