Community mental health journal 2017 04 29() doi 10.1007/s10597-017-0139-2
To study the association of impulsivity, high-risk behaviours and incidence of HIV infection in patients with alcohol dependence and bipolar mania. This was a cross-sectional hospital-based pilot study and the sample consisted of male patients divided into three groups: 25 patients with alcohol dependence and 25 with bipolar mania as per ICD-10 Diagnostic Criteria for Research and 25 normal controls. Severity of Alcohol Dependence Questionnaire (SADQ) and Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) were administered on alcohol dependent and bipolar patients, respectively. All three groups were rated on Barrett’s Impulsivity Scale (BIS) and HIV Risk-taking Behaviour Scale (HRBS). None of the patients tested positive for either HIV 1 or 2. BIS motor impulsivity, BIS total score and HRBS total score were significantly higher in alcohol dependent patients as compared to bipolar mania patients. In the Alcohol dependent group, BIS score significantly correlated with education years, age of onset of alcohol use and SADQ, whereas, HRBS total score significantly correlated with SADQ scores. In the bipolar mania group, BIS significantly correlated with YMRS, and total number of episodes, whereas, there was no significant correlation of HRBS total score with any clinical variable. The findings of this pilot study underscore the link between alcohol use disorder and the impulsive behaviours that can lead to HIV infection, and highlight that those risks are higher for individuals with alcohol dependency than for individuals with bipolar disorder.