Basic & clinical pharmacology & toxicology 2017 10 11() doi 10.1111/bcpt.12919
Data about Cystatin-C levels in HIV-infected patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS) are still limited. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the possible correlations of serum levels of Cystatin-C in HIV/AIDS patients treated with combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) with or without MetS. This cross-sectional study included 89 HIV/AIDS Caucasian patients receiving cART at the HIV/AIDS Centre Belgrade, Serbia, divided into two groups according to the presence of MetS. Cystatin-C and other biochemical parameters were measured using Cytokine-Array-I, Metabolic-Array-I and Metabolic-Array-II, at the Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Royal Free Hospital and University College London, United Kingdom. A linear regression model was performed in order to evaluate which clinical and laboratory variables had an independent effect on Cystatin-C levels in HIV/AIDS patients. There were 33 (37%) patients with MetS and 56 (63%) without MetS. Patients with and without MetS were homogenous for age, duration of cART, number of cART combinations and CD4(+) T-cell count. Statistically increased Cystatin-C levels were observed in HIV/AIDS patients with MetS (p = 0.017), when compared to patients without MetS. Data showed a positive correlation of Cystatin-C and C-reactive protein (r = 0.349, p = 0.001). Using linear regression modelling, significant correlations were obtained between Cystatin-C and MetS in univariate analysis (p < 0.001). Cystatin-C levels were significantly higher in HIV/AIDS patients with MetS versus without MetS. Early assessment of metabolic syndrome using Cystatin-C as a marker, may ultimately help increase the lifespan of HIV/AIDS patients, since these patients appear to be at high risk of cardiovascular diseases. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.