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Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is an essential factor for oocyte maturation and asymmetric division in mice.

Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) is an essential factor for oocyte maturation and asymmetric division in mice.
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Zhou D, Choi YJ, Kim JH,


Zhou D, Choi YJ, Kim JH, (click to view)

Zhou D, Choi YJ, Kim JH,

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Scientific reports 2017 08 157(1) 8131 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-08650-2
Abstract

Tubastatin A (Tub-A), a highly selective histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) inhibitor, has been widely used as a cytotoxic anticancer agent, or for the treatment of patients with asthma. However, the potential toxicity of Tub-A on oocyte maturation and asymmetric division is still unclear. Therefore, the present study was designed to examine the effect and potential regulatory role of Tub-A on the meiotic maturation of oocytes. We observed that Tub-A treatment induced an increased level of the acetylation of α-tubulin, and a failure of spindle migration and actin cap formation. Based on the spindle structure, most Tub-A treated oocytes were arrested in an MI-like or a GVBD-like stage and exhibited decondensed chromosomes in a dose dependent manner. Moreover, Tub-A treatment decreased the protein expression of mTOR, a factor responsible for spindle formation, and the expression of mDia1, an inhibitor of actin assembly, in an HDAC6 expression-dependent manner. Importantly, following Tub-A supplementation, most oocytes failed to extrude the first polar body, which indicates that these defects are closely linked to abnormal oocyte maturation. Taken together, our data demonstrates that HDAC6 is one of the essential factors for oocyte maturation and asymmetric division via the HDAC6/mTOR or mDia1 pathway in mice.

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