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Histopathological characteristics of cutaneous lesions caused by Leishmania Viannia panamensis in Panama.

Histopathological characteristics of cutaneous lesions caused by Leishmania Viannia panamensis in Panama.
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González K, Diaz R, Ferreira AF, García V, Paz H, Calzada JE, Ruíz M, Laurenti M, Saldaña A,


González K, Diaz R, Ferreira AF, García V, Paz H, Calzada JE, Ruíz M, Laurenti M, Saldaña A, (click to view)

González K, Diaz R, Ferreira AF, García V, Paz H, Calzada JE, Ruíz M, Laurenti M, Saldaña A,

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Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de Sao Paulo 2018 02 1560() e8 pii 10.1590/s1678-9946201860008

Abstract

Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an endemic disease in the Republic of Panama, caused by Leishmania (Viannia) parasites, whose most common clinical manifestation is the presence of ulcerated lesions on the skin. These lesions usually present a chronic inflammatory reaction, sometimes granulomatous, with the presence of lymphocytes, plasma cells and macrophages. This study describes the histopathological characteristics found in the skin lesions of patients with CL caused by Leishmania (V.) panamensis in Panama. We analyzed 49 skin biopsy samples from patients with clinical suspicion of CL, by molecular tests (PCR for subgenus Viannia and HSP-70) and by Hematoxylin-Eosin staining. Samples were characterized at the species level by PCR-HSP-70/RFLP. From the 49 samples studied, 46 (94%) were positive by PCR and were characterized as Leishmania (V.) panamensis. Of these, 48% were positive by Hematoxylin-Eosin staining with alterations being observed both, in the epidermis (85%) and in the dermis (100%) of skin biopsies. The inflammatory infiltrate was characterized according to histopathological patterns: lymphohistiocytic (50%), lymphoplasmacytic (61%) and granulomatous (46%) infiltration, being the combination of these patterns frequently found. The predominant histopathological characteristics observed in CL lesions caused by L. (V.) panamensis in Panama were: an intense inflammatory reaction in the dermis with a combination of lymphohistiocytic, lymphoplasmacytic and granulomatous presentation patterns and the presence of ulcers, acanthosis, exocytosis and spongiosis in the epidermis.

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