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HIV+ Deceased Donor Referrals: A National Survey of Organ Procurement Organizations.

HIV+ Deceased Donor Referrals: A National Survey of Organ Procurement Organizations.
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Cash A, Luo X, Chow EKH, Bowring MG, Shaffer AA, Doby B, Wickliffe CE, Alexander C, McRann D, Tobian AAR, Segev DL, Durand CM,


Cash A, Luo X, Chow EKH, Bowring MG, Shaffer AA, Doby B, Wickliffe CE, Alexander C, McRann D, Tobian AAR, Segev DL, Durand CM, (click to view)

Cash A, Luo X, Chow EKH, Bowring MG, Shaffer AA, Doby B, Wickliffe CE, Alexander C, McRann D, Tobian AAR, Segev DL, Durand CM,

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Clinical transplantation 2017 12 09() doi 10.1111/ctr.13171

Abstract
BACKGROUND
HIV-infected (HIV+) donor organs can be transplanted into HIV+ recipients under the HIV Organ Policy Equity (HOPE) Act. Quantifying HIV+ donor referrals received by Organ Procurement Organizations (OPOs) is critical for HOPE Act implementation.

METHODS
We surveyed the 58 US OPOs regarding HIV+ referral records and newly discovered HIV+ donors. Using data from OPOs that provided exact records and CDC HIV prevalence data, we projected a national estimate of HIV+ referrals.

RESULTS
Fifty-five (95%) OPOs reported HIV+ referrals ranging from 0-276 and newly discovered HIV+ cases ranging from 0-10 annually. Six OPOs in areas of high HIV prevalence reported more than 100 HIV+ donor referrals. Twenty-seven (47%) OPOs provided exact HIV+ referral records and 28 (51%) OPOs provided exact records of discovered HIV+ cases, totaling 1,450 HIV+ referrals and 39 discovered HIV+ donors in the prior year. These OPOs represented 67% and 59% of prevalent HIV cases in the US; thus, we estimated 2,164 HIV+ referrals and 66 discovered HIV+ cases nationally per year.

CONCLUSIONS
OPOs reported a high volume of HIV+ referrals annually, of which a subset will be medically-eligible for donation. Particularly in areas of high HIV prevalence, OPOs require ongoing support to implement the HOPE Act. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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