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HIV Risk and Gender in Jamaica’s Homeless Population.

HIV Risk and Gender in Jamaica’s Homeless Population.
Author Information (click to view)

Skyers N, Jarrett S, McFarland W, Cole D, Atkinson U,


Skyers N, Jarrett S, McFarland W, Cole D, Atkinson U, (click to view)

Skyers N, Jarrett S, McFarland W, Cole D, Atkinson U,

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AIDS and behavior 2018 03 22() doi 10.1007/s10461-018-2096-3

Abstract

Rigorous HIV-related data for the homeless population in Jamaica is limited. A cross-sectional survey using a venue-based sampling approach was conducted in 2015 to derive HIV prevalence and associated risk factors. Three hundred twenty-three homeless persons from the parishes of St. James, St. Ann, Kingston, and St. Andrew (the main urban centers) participated. HIV prevalence was 13.8%, with a difference in gender (males 11.6%, females 26.7%, P = .007). Sex work, multiple partnerships, incarceration, non-injecting drug use, and female rape were common among the participants. Long-term, multilayered, HIV-specific, female-focused interventions are required for the population, along with additional female-centric research.

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