Annals of dermatology 2017 12 2630(1) 8-12 doi 10.5021/ad.2018.30.1.8
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an autoimmune disease with bullous vesicles and an incidence of 0.2 to 1.4 per 100,000 inhabitants. Many studies have been published demonstrating the association of pemphigoid with HLA class II system alleles in different populations, however there are no data on the BP, one of the most heterogeneous in the world.
To typify HLA alleles in Brazilians with Bullous pemphigoid.
The study group included 17 Brazilian patients with a confirmed diagnosis of BP from a hospital in Sao Paulo city, southeast Brazil. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood using Qiagen kits and HLA A, B, C, DR and DQ typing was performed using polymerase chain reaction. The control group was composed of a database of 297 deceased donors from the city of Sao Paulo. The statistical significance level was adjusted using the Bonferroni correction depending on the phenotypic frequencies evaluated for HLA class I (A, B and C) and class II (DRB1, DQB1 and DQA1).
Our findings show that alleles HLA C*17, DQB1*03:01, DQA1*01:03 and DQA1*05:05 are associated with the onset of the disease in the Brazilian population, with relative risks of 8.31 (2.46 to 28.16), 3.76 (1.81 to 7.79), 3.57 (1.53 to 8.33), and 4.02 (1.87 to 8.64), respectively (p<0.005). Conclusion
Our data indicate that Brazilian patients with BP present the same genetic predisposition linked to HLA-DQB1*03:01 previously reported in Caucasian and Iranian individuals and our study introduces three new alleles (C*17, DQA1*01:03 and DQA1*05:05) involved in the pathophysiology of BP.