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HLA-inferred extended haplotype disparity level is more relevant then the level of HLA mismatch alone for the patients survival and GvHD in T cell-replate hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from unrelated donor.

HLA-inferred extended haplotype disparity level is more relevant then the level of HLA mismatch alone for the patients survival and GvHD in T cell-replate hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from unrelated donor.
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Nowak J, Nestorowicz K, Graczyk-Pol E, Mika-Witkowska R, Rogatko-Koros M, Jaskula E, Koscinska K, Madej S, Tomaszewska A, Nasilowska-Adamska B, Szczepinski A, Halaburda K, Dybko J, Kuliczkowski K, Czerw T, Giebel S, Holowiecki J, Baranska M, Pieczonka A, Wachowiak J, Czyz A, Gil L, Lojko-Dankowska A, Komarnicki M, Bieniaszewska M, Kucharska A, Hellmann A, Gronkowska A, Jedrzejczak WW, Markiewicz M, Koclega A, Kyrcz-Krzemien S, Mielcarek M, Kalwak K, Styczynski J, Wysocki M, Drabko K, Wójcik B, Kowalczyk J, Gozdzik J, Pawliczak D, Gwozdowicz S, Dziopa J, Szlendak U, Witkowska A, Zubala M, Gawron A, Warzocha K, Lange A,


Nowak J, Nestorowicz K, Graczyk-Pol E, Mika-Witkowska R, Rogatko-Koros M, Jaskula E, Koscinska K, Madej S, Tomaszewska A, Nasilowska-Adamska B, Szczepinski A, Halaburda K, Dybko J, Kuliczkowski K, Czerw T, Giebel S, Holowiecki J, Baranska M, Pieczonka A, Wachowiak J, Czyz A, Gil L, Lojko-Dankowska A, Komarnicki M, Bieniaszewska M, Kucharska A, Hellmann A, Gronkowska A, Jedrzejczak WW, Markiewicz M, Koclega A, Kyrcz-Krzemien S, Mielcarek M, Kalwak K, Styczynski J, Wysocki M, Drabko K, Wójcik B, Kowalczyk J, Gozdzik J, Pawliczak D, Gwozdowicz S, Dziopa J, Szlendak U, Witkowska A, Zubala M, Gawron A, Warzocha K, Lange A, (click to view)

Nowak J, Nestorowicz K, Graczyk-Pol E, Mika-Witkowska R, Rogatko-Koros M, Jaskula E, Koscinska K, Madej S, Tomaszewska A, Nasilowska-Adamska B, Szczepinski A, Halaburda K, Dybko J, Kuliczkowski K, Czerw T, Giebel S, Holowiecki J, Baranska M, Pieczonka A, Wachowiak J, Czyz A, Gil L, Lojko-Dankowska A, Komarnicki M, Bieniaszewska M, Kucharska A, Hellmann A, Gronkowska A, Jedrzejczak WW, Markiewicz M, Koclega A, Kyrcz-Krzemien S, Mielcarek M, Kalwak K, Styczynski J, Wysocki M, Drabko K, Wójcik B, Kowalczyk J, Gozdzik J, Pawliczak D, Gwozdowicz S, Dziopa J, Szlendak U, Witkowska A, Zubala M, Gawron A, Warzocha K, Lange A,

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Human immunology 2018 03 29() pii S0198-8859(18)30084-3
Abstract

Serious risks in unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) including graft versus host disease (GvHD) and mortality are associated with HLA disparity between donor and recipient. The increased risks might be dependent on disparity in not-routinely-tested multiple polymorphisms in genetically dense MHC region, being organized in combinations of two extended MHC haplotypes (Ehp). We assessed the clinical role of donor-recipient Ehp disparity levels in N=889 patients by the population-based detection of HLA allele phase mismatch. We found increased graft versus host disease (GvHD) incidences and mortality rates with increasing Ehp mismatch level even with the same HLA mismatch level. In multivariate analysis HLA mismatch levels were excluded from models and Ehp disparity level remained independent prognostic factor for high grade acute GvHD (p=0.000037, HR=10.68, 95%CI 5.50-32.5) and extended chronic GvHD (p<0.000001, HR=15.51, CI95% 5.36-44.8). In group with single HLA mismatch, patients with double Ehp disparity had worse 5-year overall survival (45% vs. 56%, p=0.00065, HR=4.05, CI95% 1.69-9.71) and non-relapse mortality (40% vs. 31%, p=0.00037, HR=5.63, CI95% 2.04-15.5) than patients with single Ehp disparity. We conclude that Ehp-linked factors contribute to the high morbidity and mortality in recipients given HLA-mismatched unrelated transplant and Ehp matching should be considered in clinical HSCT.

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