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Host Response Comparison of H1N1- and H5N1-Infected Mice Identifies Two Potential Death Mechanisms.

Host Response Comparison of H1N1- and H5N1-Infected Mice Identifies Two Potential Death Mechanisms.
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Leymarie O, Meyer L, Hervé PL, Da Costa B, Delmas B, Chevalier C, Le Goffic R,


Leymarie O, Meyer L, Hervé PL, Da Costa B, Delmas B, Chevalier C, Le Goffic R, (click to view)

Leymarie O, Meyer L, Hervé PL, Da Costa B, Delmas B, Chevalier C, Le Goffic R,

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International journal of molecular sciences 2017 07 2718(8) pii E1631
Abstract

Highly pathogenic influenza A viruses (IAV) infections represent a serious threat to humans due to their considerable morbidity and mortality capacities. A good understanding of the molecular mechanisms responsible for the acute lung injury observed during this kind of infection is essential to design adapted therapies. In the current study, using an unbiased transcriptomic approach, we compared the host-responses of mice infected with two different subtypes of IAV: H1N1 vs. H5N1. The host-response comparison demonstrated a clear difference between the transcriptomic profiles of H1N1- and H5N1-infected mice despite identical survival kinetics and similar viral replications. The ontological analysis of the two transcriptomes showed two probable causes of death: induction of an immunopathological state of the lung for the H1N1 strain vs. development of respiratory dysfunction in the case of the H5N1 IAV. Finally, a clear signature responsible for lung edema was specifically associated with the H5N1 infection. We propose a potential mechanism of edema development based on predictive bioinformatics tools.

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