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How does mandibular advancement with or without maxillary procedures affect pharyngeal airways? An overview of systematic reviews.

How does mandibular advancement with or without maxillary procedures affect pharyngeal airways? An overview of systematic reviews.
Author Information (click to view)

Tan SK, Leung WK, Tang ATH, Zwahlen RA,


Tan SK, Leung WK, Tang ATH, Zwahlen RA, (click to view)

Tan SK, Leung WK, Tang ATH, Zwahlen RA,

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PloS one 2017 07 2712(7) e0181146 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0181146
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Mandibular advancement surgery may positively affect pharyngeal airways and therefore potentially beneficial to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

OBJECTIVE
To collect evidence from published systematic reviews that have evaluated pharyngeal airway changes related to mandibular advancement with or without maxillary procedures.

METHODOLOGY
PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library were searched without limiting language or timeline. Eligible systematic reviews evaluating changes in pharyngeal airway dimensions and respiratory parameters after mandibular advancement with or without maxillary surgery were identified and included.

RESULTS
This overview has included eleven systematic reviews. Maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) increases linear, cross-sectional plane and volumetric measurements of pharyngeal airways significantly (p<0.0001), while reducing the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and the respiratory disturbance index (RDI) significantly (p<0.0001). Two systematic reviews included primary studies that have evaluated single-jaw mandibular advancement, but did not discuss their effect onto pharyngeal airways. Based on the included primary studies of those systematic reviews, single-jaw mandibular advancement was reported to significantly increase pharyngeal airway dimensions (p<0.05); however, conclusive long-term results were lacking. CONCLUSION
MMA increases pharyngeal airway dimensions and is beneficial to patients suffering from OSA. However, more evidence is still needed to draw definite conclusion related to the effect of single-jaw mandibular advancement osteotomies on pharyngeal airways.

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