The objective of this study was to catalogue items from instruments used to measure functioning, disability, and contextual factors in patients with low back pain (LBP) treated with manual medicine (manipulation and mobilization) according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). This catalogue will be used to inform the development of an ICF-based assessment schedule for LBP patients treated with manual medicine. In this scoping review we systematically searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO and CINAHL. We identified instruments (questionnaires, clinical tests, single questions) used to measure functioning, disability and contextual factors, extracted the relevant items and then linked these items to the ICF. We included 95 articles and identified 1510 meaningful concepts. All but 70 items were linked to the ICF. Of the concepts linked to the ICF, body functions accounted for 34.7%, body structures accounted for 0%, activities and participation accounted for 41%, environmental factors accounted for 3.6%, and personal factors accounted for 16%. Most items used to measure functioning and disability in LBP patient treated with manual medicine focus on body functions, and activities and participation. The lack of measures that address environmental factors warrants further investigation.