Naxitamab [humanized 3f8 (hu3F8)] is a humanized monoclonal antibody (mAb) targeting the disialoganglioside GD2. It was approved in 2020 by the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in combination with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) for treatment of pediatric and adult patients with relapsed/refractory high-risk neuroblastoma, limited to the bone or bone marrow (BM). The team at Sant Joan de Déu Children’s Hospital in Barcelona, Spain, have been using naxitamab to treat neuroblastoma under clinical trial protocols [e.g. Trial 201, and hu3F8, irinotecan, temozolomide, and sargramostim (GM-CSF) (HITS) study] and compassionate use since 2017. The team has experience with two primary regimens: naxitamab with GM-CSF only, or naxitamab in combination with irinotecan, temozolomide, and GM-CSF (chemoimmunotherapy). This article aims to provide a practical overview of the team’s experience with naxitamab to date, including preparing the treatment room and selecting the team. Adverse event management, including the use of ketamine to manage pain during anti-GD2 mAb infusions, is also discussed. We hope this will provide practical information for other health care providers considering offering this treatment.
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