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HtrA2 suppresses autoimmune arthritis and regulates activation of STAT3.

HtrA2 suppresses autoimmune arthritis and regulates activation of STAT3.
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Lee SH, Moon YM, Seo HB, Kim SY, Kim EK, Yi J, Nam MK, Min JK, Park SH, Rhim H, Cho ML,


Lee SH, Moon YM, Seo HB, Kim SY, Kim EK, Yi J, Nam MK, Min JK, Park SH, Rhim H, Cho ML, (click to view)

Lee SH, Moon YM, Seo HB, Kim SY, Kim EK, Yi J, Nam MK, Min JK, Park SH, Rhim H, Cho ML,

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Scientific reports 2016 12 236() 39393 doi 10.1038/srep39393
Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that is related to the induction of T helper (Th)17 cells, which secrete interleukin-17, and activation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) 3. The expression of high-temperature requirement protein A (HtrA) 2, a serine protease involved in apoptosis, was decreased in RA patients nonresponsive to drug treatment of RA. The aim of this study was to determine whether overexpression of HtrA2 has a therapeutic effect on RA. Th17 differentiation, osteoclastogenesis, and lymphocyte activation are increased in motor neuron degeneration (mnd)2 mice, which lack HtrA2 activity because of a missense mutation (Ser276Cys) in the protease domain of HtrA2. The inhibitor of HtrA2 also increased Th17 differentiation. On the other hand, HtrA2 induced cleavage of STAT3 and overexpression of HtrA2 attenuated CIA in a mouse model. HtrA2 overexpression inhibited plaque development as well as the differentiation of Th17 in ApoE(-/-) mice after immunization with proteoglycans to induce a hyperlipidemia-based RA animal model. The therapeutic function of HtrA2 in inflammatory diseases is linked with Th17 development and the STAT3 pathway in splenocytes. These results suggest that HtrA2 participates in immunomodulatory activity where the upregulation of HtrA2 may shed light on therapeutic approaches to RA and hyperlipidemia.

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