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Human papillomavirus vaccine initiation in Asian Indians and Asian subpopulations: a case for examining disaggregated data in public health research.

Human papillomavirus vaccine initiation in Asian Indians and Asian subpopulations: a case for examining disaggregated data in public health research.
Author Information (click to view)

Budhwani H, De P,


Budhwani H, De P, (click to view)

Budhwani H, De P,

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Public health 2017 10 10153() 111-117 pii S0033-3506(17)30299-8
Abstract
OBJECTIVES
Vaccine disparities research often focuses on differences between the five main racial and ethnic classifications, ignoring heterogeneity of subpopulations. Considering this knowledge gap, we examined human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine initiation in Asian Indians and Asian subpopulations.

STUDY DESIGN
National Health Interview Survey data (2008-2013), collected by the National Center for Health Statistics, were analyzed.

METHODS
Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted on adults aged 18-26 years (n = 20,040).

RESULTS
Asian Indians had high income, education, and health insurance coverage, all positive predictors of preventative health engagement and vaccine uptake. However, we find that Asian Indians had comparatively lower rates of HPV vaccine initiation (odds ratio = 0.41; 95% confidence interval = 0.207-0.832), and foreign-born Asian Indians had the lowest rate HPV vaccination of all subpopulations (2.3%).

CONCLUSIONS
Findings substantiate the need for research on disaggregated data rather than evaluating vaccination behaviors solely across standard racial and ethnic categories. We identified two populations that were initiating HPV vaccine at abysmal levels: foreign-born persons and Asian Indians. Development of culturally appropriate messaging has the potential to improve these initiation rates and improve population health.

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