To investigate the effects of hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) on metabolic disturbance, aging and bone remodeling in D-galactose-induced aging rats with and without obesity by determining the metabolic parameters, aging and oxidative stress markers, bone turnover markers, bone microarchitecture, and bone biomechanical strength.
Male Wistar rats were fed either a normal diet (ND; n = 18) or a HFD (n = 12) for 22 weeks. At week 13, vehicle (0.9% NaCl) was injected into ND-fed rats (NDV; n = 6), while 150 mg/kg/day of D-galactose was injected into 12 ND-fed rats (NDD) and 12 HFD-fed rats (HFDD) for 10 weeks. At week 21, rats were treated with either sham (NDVS, NDDS, or HFDDS; n = 6/ group) or HBOT (NDDH, or HFDDH; n = 6/group) for 14 days. Rats were then euthanized. Blood samples, femora, and tibiae were collected.
Both NDD and HFDD groups developed aging as indicated by increased AGE level, increased inflammation and oxidative stress as shown by raised serum TNF-α and MDA levels, impaired bone remodeling as indicated by an increase in levels of CTX-1, TRACP-5b, and impaired bone structure/strength, when compared with those of the NDVS group. HFD aggravated these indicators of bone dyshomeostasis in D-galactose-treated rats. HBOT restored bone remodeling and bone structure/strength in the NDD group, however HBOT ameliorated bone dyshomeostasis in the HFDD group.
HBOT is a potential intervention to decrease the risk of osteoporosis and bone fracture in aging with or without obesity.

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Inc.