Advertisement

 

 

Hyperthyroidism, but not hypertension, impairs PITX2 expression leading to Wnt-microRNA-ion channel remodeling.

Hyperthyroidism, but not hypertension, impairs PITX2 expression leading to Wnt-microRNA-ion channel remodeling.
Author Information (click to view)

Lozano-Velasco E, Wangensteen R, Quesada A, Garcia-Padilla C, Osorio JA, Ruiz-Torres MD, Aranega A, Franco D,


Lozano-Velasco E, Wangensteen R, Quesada A, Garcia-Padilla C, Osorio JA, Ruiz-Torres MD, Aranega A, Franco D, (click to view)

Lozano-Velasco E, Wangensteen R, Quesada A, Garcia-Padilla C, Osorio JA, Ruiz-Torres MD, Aranega A, Franco D,

Advertisement

PloS one 2017 12 0112(12) e0188473 doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0188473
Abstract

PITX2 is a homeobox transcription factor involved in embryonic left/right signaling and more recently has been associated to cardiac arrhythmias. Genome wide association studies have pinpointed PITX2 as a major player underlying atrial fibrillation (AF). We have previously described that PITX2 expression is impaired in AF patients. Furthermore, distinct studies demonstrate that Pitx2 insufficiency leads to complex gene regulatory network remodeling, i.e. Wnt>microRNAs, leading to ion channel impairment and thus to arrhythmogenic events in mice. Whereas large body of evidences has been provided in recent years on PITX2 downstream signaling pathways, scarce information is available on upstream pathways influencing PITX2 in the context of AF. Multiple risk factors are associated to the onset of AF, such as e.g. hypertension (HTN), hyperthyroidism (HTD) and redox homeostasis impairment. In this study we have analyzed whether HTN, HTD and/or redox homeostasis impact on PITX2 and its downstream signaling pathways. Using rat models for spontaneous HTN (SHR) and experimentally-induced HTD we have observed that both cardiovascular risk factors lead to severe Pitx2 downregulation. Interesting HTD, but not SHR, leads to up-regulation of Wnt signaling as well as deregulation of multiple microRNAs and ion channels as previously described in Pitx2 insufficiency models. In addition, redox signaling is impaired in HTD but not SHR, in line with similar findings in atrial-specific Pitx2 deficient mice. In vitro cell culture analyses using gain- and loss-of-function strategies demonstrate that Pitx2, Zfhx3 and Wnt signaling influence redox homeostasis in cardiomyocytes. Thus, redox homeostasis seems to play a pivotal role in this setting, providing a regulatory feedback loop. Overall these data demonstrate that HTD, but not HTN, can impair Pitx2>Wnt pathway providing thus a molecular link to AF.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

fourteen + 15 =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]