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Hyperuricemia and coronary heart disease mortality: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.

Hyperuricemia and coronary heart disease mortality: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.
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Zuo T, Liu X, Jiang L, Mao S, Yin X, Guo L,


Zuo T, Liu X, Jiang L, Mao S, Yin X, Guo L, (click to view)

Zuo T, Liu X, Jiang L, Mao S, Yin X, Guo L,

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BMC cardiovascular disorders 2016 Oct 2816(1) 207
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Hyperuricemia may be associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality; however, the results from prospective studies are conflicting. The objective of this study was to assess the association between hyperuricemia and risk of CHD mortality by performing a meta-analysis.

METHODS
Pubmed and Embase were searched for relevant prospective cohort studies published until July 2015. Studies were included only if they reported data on CHD mortality related to hyperuricemia in a general population. The pooled adjusted relative risk (RR) was calculated using a random-effects model.

RESULTS
A total of 14 studies involving 341 389 adults were identified. Hyperuricemia was associated with an increased risk of CHD mortality (RR: 1.14; 95 % CI: 1.06-1.23) and all-cause mortality (RR: 1.20; 95 % CI: 1.13-1.28). For each increase of 1 mg/dl of serum uric acid (SUA), the overall risks of CHD and all-cause mortality increased by 20 and 9 %, respectively. According to the gender subgroup analyses, hyperuricemia increased the risk of CHD mortality in women (RR: 1.47; 95 % CI: 1.21-1.73) compared to men (RR: 1.10; 95 % CI: 1.00-1.19). The risk of all-cause mortality was greater in women.

CONCLUSIONS
Hyperuricemia may modestly increase the risk of CHD and all-cause mortality. Future research is needed to determine whether urate-lowering therapy has beneficial effects for reducing CHD mortality.

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