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Hyperuricemia is associated with an increased prevalence of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in patients with type 2 diabetes referred for clinically indicated 24-h Holter monitoring.

Hyperuricemia is associated with an increased prevalence of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in patients with type 2 diabetes referred for clinically indicated 24-h Holter monitoring.
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Mantovani A, Rigolon R, Civettini A, Bolzan B, Morani G, Bonapace S, Dugo C, Zoppini G, Bonora E, Targher G,


Mantovani A, Rigolon R, Civettini A, Bolzan B, Morani G, Bonapace S, Dugo C, Zoppini G, Bonora E, Targher G, (click to view)

Mantovani A, Rigolon R, Civettini A, Bolzan B, Morani G, Bonapace S, Dugo C, Zoppini G, Bonora E, Targher G,

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Journal of endocrinological investigation 2017 07 15() doi 10.1007/s40618-017-0729-4
Abstract
PURPOSE
Several studies have reported an association between hyperuricemia and increased risk of permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Currently, no published data are available on the relationship between hyperuricemia and risk of paroxysmal AF.

METHODS
We retrospectively evaluated 245 T2DM outpatients without pre-existing AF, cancer, cirrhosis and end-stage renal disease, who underwent a 24-h ECG-Holter monitoring for various clinical indications. Hyperuricemia was defined as a serum uric acid level >7 mg/dl for men and >6 mg/dl for women or allopurinol use. The diagnosis of paroxysmal AF was confirmed in affected individuals on the basis of 24-h ECG-Holter monitoring by experienced cardiologists.

RESULTS
Hyperuricemia was observed in 59 (24.1%) patients, whereas paroxysmal AF was found in 11 (4.5%) patients. The prevalence of paroxysmal AF was higher in patients with hyperuricemia than in those without hyperuricemia (10.2 vs. 2.7%, p = 0.026). Logistic regression analysis showed that hyperuricemia was associated with an increased risk of prevalent paroxysmal AF. This association remained significant even after adjustment for age, metabolic syndrome and chronic kidney disease (adjusted-odds ratio 4.01, 95% CI 1.08-14.9; p = 0.039). Similar results were found when we used serum uric acid levels as a continuous measure.

CONCLUSIONS
This study shows for the first time that hyperuricemia is independently associated with an approximately fourfold increased risk of prevalent paroxysmal AF in patients with T2DM. These findings may partly explain the increased risk of permanent atrial fibrillation and cardiovascular death observed among patients with hyperuricemia.

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