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Hypokalaemia: a clinical update.

Hypokalaemia: a clinical update.
Author Information (click to view)

Kardalas E, Paschou SA, Anagnostis P, Muscogiuri G, Siasos G, Vryonidou A,


Kardalas E, Paschou SA, Anagnostis P, Muscogiuri G, Siasos G, Vryonidou A, (click to view)

Kardalas E, Paschou SA, Anagnostis P, Muscogiuri G, Siasos G, Vryonidou A,

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Endocrine connections 2018 03 14() pii EC-18-0109
Abstract

Hypokalaemia is a common electrolyte disturbance, especially in hospitalized patients. It can have various causes, including endocrine ones. Sometimes, hypokalaemia requires urgent medical attention. The aim of this review is to present updated information regarding: 1) the definition and prevalence of hypokalaemia, 2) the physiology of potassium homeostasis, 3) the various causes leading to hypokalaemia, 4) the diagnostic steps for the assessment of hypokalaemia and 5) the appropriate treatment of hypokalaemia depending on the cause. Practical algorithms for the optimal diagnostic, treatment and follow-up strategy are presented, while an individualized approach is emphasized.

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