Advertisement

 

 

Identification and molecular characterization of Escherichia coli blaSHV genes in a Chinese teaching hospital.

Identification and molecular characterization of Escherichia coli blaSHV genes in a Chinese teaching hospital.
Author Information (click to view)

Zhu M, Yang G, Li A, Zong L, Dong Z, Lu J, Zhang K, Cheng C, Chang Q, Wu X, Ying J, Li X, Ding L, Zheng H, Yu J, Ying J, Xu T, Yi H, Li P, Li K, Wu S, Bao Q, Wang J,


Zhu M, Yang G, Li A, Zong L, Dong Z, Lu J, Zhang K, Cheng C, Chang Q, Wu X, Ying J, Li X, Ding L, Zheng H, Yu J, Ying J, Xu T, Yi H, Li P, Li K, Wu S, Bao Q, Wang J, (click to view)

Zhu M, Yang G, Li A, Zong L, Dong Z, Lu J, Zhang K, Cheng C, Chang Q, Wu X, Ying J, Li X, Ding L, Zheng H, Yu J, Ying J, Xu T, Yi H, Li P, Li K, Wu S, Bao Q, Wang J,

Advertisement

Gene 2016 11 23600() 29-35 pii S0378-1119(16)30944-1
Abstract

Escherichia coli (E. coli) commonly reside in human intestine and most E. coli strains are harmless, but some serotypes cause serious food poisoning. This study identified and molecularly characterized blaSHV genes from 490 E. coli strains with multi-drug resistance in a hospital population. PCR and molecular cloning and southern blot were performed to assess functions and localizations of this resistant E. coli gene and the pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was utilized to demonstrate the clonal relatedness of the positive E. coli strains. The data showed that 4 of these 490 E. coli strains (4/499, 0.8%) carried blaSHV genes that included EC D2485 (blaSHV-5), EC D2487 (blaSHV-5), EC D2684 (blaSHV-11) and EC D2616 (blaSHV-195, a novel blaSHV). Analysis of blaSHV open-reading frame showed that blaSHV-5 had a high hydrolysis activity to the broad-spectrum penicillin (ampicillin or piperacillin), ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cefotaxime and aztreonam. blaSHV-195 and blaSHV-11 had similar resistant characteristics with high hydrolysis activities to ampicillin and piperacillin, but low activities to cephalosporins. Moreover, the two blaSHV-5 genes were located on a transferable plasmid (23kb), whereas the other two blaSHV variants (blaSHV-11 and blaSHV-195) seemed to be located in the chromosomal material. Both EC D2485 and EC D2487 clones isolated in 2010 had the same DNA finger printing profile and they might be the siblings of clonal dissemination. The data from the current study suggest that the novel blaSHV and clonal dissemination may be developed, although blaSHV genes were infrequently identified in this hospital population. The results of the work demonstrate the necessity for molecular surveillance in tracking blaSHV-producing strains in large teaching hospital settings and emphasize the need for epidemiological monitoring.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

fifteen + 17 =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]