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Identification of a novel RPGRIP1 mutation in an Iranian family with leber congenital amaurosis by exome sequencing.

Identification of a novel RPGRIP1 mutation in an Iranian family with leber congenital amaurosis by exome sequencing.
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Imani S, Cheng J, Mobasher-Jannat A, Wei C, Fu S, Yang L, Jadidi K, Khosravi MH, Mohazzab-Torabi S, Shasaltaneh MD, Li Y, Chen R, Fu J,


Imani S, Cheng J, Mobasher-Jannat A, Wei C, Fu S, Yang L, Jadidi K, Khosravi MH, Mohazzab-Torabi S, Shasaltaneh MD, Li Y, Chen R, Fu J, (click to view)

Imani S, Cheng J, Mobasher-Jannat A, Wei C, Fu S, Yang L, Jadidi K, Khosravi MH, Mohazzab-Torabi S, Shasaltaneh MD, Li Y, Chen R, Fu J,

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Journal of cellular and molecular medicine 2017 11 29() doi 10.1111/jcmm.13454
Abstract

Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) is a heterogeneous, early-onset inherited retinal dystrophy, which is associated with severe visual impairment. We aimed to determine the disease-causing variants in Iranian LCA and evaluate the clinical implications. Clinically, a possible LCA disease was found through diagnostic imaging, such as fundus photography, autofluorescence and optical coherence tomography. All affected patients showed typical eye symptoms associated with LCA including narrow arterioles, blindness, pigmentary changes and nystagmus. Target exome sequencing was performed to analyse the proband DNA. A homozygous novel c. 2889delT  (p.P963 fs) mutation in the RPGRIP1 gene was identified, which was likely the deleterious and pathogenic mutation in the proband. Structurally, this mutation lost a retinitis pigmentosa GTPase regulator (RPGR)-interacting domain at the C-terminus which most likely impaired stability in the RPGRIP1 with the distribution of polarised proteins in the cilium connecting process. Sanger sequencing showed complete co-segregation  in this pedigree. This study provides compelling evidence that the c. 2889delT  (p.P963 fs) mutation in the RPGRIP1 gene works as a pathogenic mutation that contributes to the progression of LCA.

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