Cervical cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death among women globally. The prognosis of cervical cancer patients differs considerably, and clinical outcomes are difficult to predict. Given the significant roles of miRNAs in human cancers, identification of novel and reliable miRNA biomarkers is important for targeted cervical cancer therapy. In the present study, we aimed to reveal biological significance of miR-200a, miR-423, miR-34a, miR-193a, and miR-455 for the prognosis and diagnosis of cervical cancer and their association with the clinical outcomes of patients. Distinct expression profiles of miRNAs in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples of patients and healthy controls were evaluated using qRT-PCR. We identified miR-200a, miR-455, and miR-34a were significantly downregulated in cervical squamous cell carcinoma tissues compared to normal cervix tissue from healthy controls. Both miR-455 and miR-34a confer a promising diagnostic factor for the cervical cancer while miR-200a showed no significance in ROC analysis. Notably, low expression of miR-34a was markedly associated with the poor overall survival of cervical cancer patients as revealed by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Also, univariate and multivariate analysis indicated miR-34a expression as an independent prognostic factor. Consequently, our results underline the importance of distinct expression miRNAs in cervical squamous cell carcinoma.Copyright © 2020 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.