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Identification of morin as an agonist of imidazoline I-3 receptor for insulin secretion in diabetic rats.

Identification of morin as an agonist of imidazoline I-3 receptor for insulin secretion in diabetic rats.
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Lin MH, Hsu CC, Lin J, Cheng JT, Wu MC,


Lin MH, Hsu CC, Lin J, Cheng JT, Wu MC, (click to view)

Lin MH, Hsu CC, Lin J, Cheng JT, Wu MC,

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Naunyn-Schmiedeberg’s archives of pharmacology 2017 07 08() doi 10.1007/s00210-017-1399-7
Abstract

Morin is a flavonoid contained in guava that is known to reduce hyperglycemia in diabetics. Morin has been demonstrated to increase plasma insulin. However, the mechanism(s) remains unknown. The present study is designed to investigate the effect of morin on the imidazoline receptor (I-R) that regulates insulin secretion. We used Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells transfected with an I-R expression construct (NISCH-CHO-K1 cells) to identify the direct effect of morin on the I-R. Moreover, the imidazoline I3 receptor (I-3R) is known to be present in pancreatic β cells and involved in insulin secretion. Therefore, we applied a specific antagonist (KU14R) to block I-3R in diabetic rats. Additionally, the effect of morin on insulin secretion was characterized in isolated pancreatic islets. Morin decreased blood glucose levels by increasing plasma insulin levels in diabetic rats. In CHO cells expressing an I-R, morin increased calcium influx in a dose-dependent manner. Additionally, KU14R dose-dependently inhibited the morin-induced effects, including hypoglycemia and the increase in insulin secretion and plasma C-peptide levels, in diabetic rats. Furthermore, morin enhanced insulin secretion from isolated pancreatic islets, and this effect was also dose-dependently inhibited by KU14R. Phospholipase C (PLC) is known to couple with the I-R, and a PLC inhibitor dose-dependently attenuated the insulin secretion induced by morin in isolated pancreatic islets. Taken together, these data suggest that morin can activate I-3R to enhance insulin secretion. Therefore, it would be useful to develop morin into a treatment for diabetic disorders.

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