To evaluate the potential application of computed tomography (CT) radiomics in the prediction of BRCA1-associated protein 1 () mutation status in patients with clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). In this retrospective study, clinical and CT imaging data of 54 patients were retrieved from The Cancer Genome Atlas-Kidney Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma database. Among these, 45 patients had wild-type and nine patients had mutation. The texture features of tumor images were extracted using the Matlab-based IBEX package. To produce class-balanced data and improve the stability of prediction, we performed data augmentation for the mutation group during cross validation. A model to predict mutation status was constructed using Random Forest Classification algorithms, and was evaluated using leave-one-out-cross-validation. Random Forest model of predict mutation status had an accuracy of 0.83, sensitivity of 0.72, specificity of 0.87, precision of 0.65, AUC of 0.77, F-score of 0.68. CT radiomics is a potential and feasible method for predicting mutation status in patients with ccRCC.
Copyright © 2020 Feng, Zhang, Qi, Shen, Hu and Chen.