Scientific reports 2017 03 077(1) 86 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-00090-2
Microarray analysis based on gene coexpression is widely used to investigate the coregulation pattern of a group (or cluster) of genes in a specific phenotype condition. Recent approaches go one step beyond and look for differential coexpression pattern, wherein there exists a significant difference in coexpression pattern between two phenotype conditions. These changes of coexpression patterns generally arise due to significant change in regulatory mechanism across different conditions governed by natural progression of diseases. Here we develop a novel multiobjective framework DiffCoMO, to identify differentially coexpressed modules that capture altered coexpression in gene modules across different stages of HIV-1 progression. The objectives are built to emphasize the distance between coexpression pattern of two phenotype stages. The proposed method is assessed by comparing with some state-of-the-art techniques. We show that DiffCoMO outperforms the state-of-the-art for detecting differential coexpressed modules. Moreover, we have compared the performance of all the methods using simulated data. The biological significance of the discovered modules is also investigated using GO and pathway enrichment analysis. Additionally, miRNA enrichment analysis is carried out to identify TF to miRNA and miRNA to TF connections. The gene modules discovered by DiffCoMO manifest regulation by miRNA-28, miRNA-29 and miRNA-125 families.