The safety of vaccinations, availability to health care, the amount of community information, and physicians’ attention all have a role in the rate of adult immunization. For this study, researchers wanted to establish the rate of vaccination with pneumococcal, influenza, and tetanus vaccines among patients, as well as their knowledge and attitudes in the hospital. A cross-sectional point prevalence survey was used in the study. A questionnaire was used to interview the patients who agreed to participate in the trial. Patients’ gender, employment, educational position, income level, and risk factors (immunocompromised and over 65 years old) were compared to their vaccination knowledge and attitudes. 51.4% of the 251 participants were female, while 48.6% were male. 

The self-reported immunization rate for the pneumococcal disease was 3.5%, 8.6% for influenza, and 26.6% for tetanus. The majority of patients are aware of the need for influenza vaccination (90.3%). Patients with a high level of education had considerably more knowledge about tetanus vaccination and a greater rate of tetanus immunization than those with a low level of education (p = 0.04; p = 0.006). When compared to individuals with lower income levels, those with higher income levels had more pneumococcal vaccination, greater awareness of tetanus vaccination, and a stronger belief that tetanus vaccine is required (p <0.05). Patients who do not have risk factors have a greater incidence of tetanus immunization than those who do (p <0.001). It was concluded that patients’ vaccination rates, as well as their knowledge and attitude, are positively influenced by their level of education and money.

Reference:www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21645515.2018.1489187