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Impact of blood urea nitrogen to creatinine ratio on mortality and morbidity in hemodialysis patients: The Q-Cohort Study.

Impact of blood urea nitrogen to creatinine ratio on mortality and morbidity in hemodialysis patients: The Q-Cohort Study.
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Tanaka S, Ninomiya T, Taniguchi M, Tokumoto M, Masutani K, Ooboshi H, Kitazono T, Tsuruya K,


Tanaka S, Ninomiya T, Taniguchi M, Tokumoto M, Masutani K, Ooboshi H, Kitazono T, Tsuruya K, (click to view)

Tanaka S, Ninomiya T, Taniguchi M, Tokumoto M, Masutani K, Ooboshi H, Kitazono T, Tsuruya K,

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Scientific reports 2017 11 027(1) 14901 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-14205-2
Abstract

The association between blood urea nitrogen to creatinine ratio (UCR) and survival is uncertain in hemodialysis patients. We examined the influence of UCR on mortality and morbidity in hemodialysis patients. A total of 3,401 hemodialysis patients were prospectively followed for 4 years. The association between UCR with overall survival was analyzed using a Cox regression model. During a 4-year follow-up period, 545 patients died from any cause and 582 experienced MACE, 392 with coronary heart disease (CHD), 114 with infection-related death, 77 with hemorrhagic stroke, 141 with ischemic stroke, and 107 with cancer death. Every 1 increase in UCR level was significantly associated with an increased risk for all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR] 1.07; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.03-1.12), CHD (HR 1.08; 95% CI 1.02-1.14), and infection-related death (HR 1.11; 95% CI 1.02-1.21). There was no evidence of a significant association between UCR and death from cancer, and incidence of stroke. A high UCR was significantly associated with an increased risk for all-cause mortality, infection-related death and incidence of CHD in hemodialysis patients.

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