Advertisement

 

 

Impact of emotional distress and pain-related fear on patients with chronic pain: Subgroup analysis of patients referred to multimodal rehabilitation.

Impact of emotional distress and pain-related fear on patients with chronic pain: Subgroup analysis of patients referred to multimodal rehabilitation.
Author Information (click to view)

Svanberg M, Stålnacke BM, Enthoven P, Brodda-Jansen G, Gerdle B, Boersma K,


Svanberg M, Stålnacke BM, Enthoven P, Brodda-Jansen G, Gerdle B, Boersma K, (click to view)

Svanberg M, Stålnacke BM, Enthoven P, Brodda-Jansen G, Gerdle B, Boersma K,

Advertisement

Journal of rehabilitation medicine 49(4) 354-361 doi 0.2340/16501977-2212
Abstract
OBJECTIVE
Multimodal rehabilitation programmes (MMRP) for chronic pain could be improved by determining which patients do not benefit fully. General distress and pain-related fear may explain variations in the treatment effects of MMRP.

DESIGN
Cohort study with a cross-sectional, prospective part.

PATIENTS
Chronic musculoskeletal pain patients referred to 2 hospital-based pain rehabilitation clinics.

METHODS
The cross-sectional part of this study cluster analyses patients (n = 1,218) with regard to distress and pain-related fear at first consultation in clinical pain rehabilitation and describes differences in external variables between clusters. The prospective part follows the subsample of patients (n = 260) participating in MMRP and describes outcome post-treatment.

RESULTS
Four distinct subgroups were found: (i) those with low levels of distress and pain-related fear; (ii) those with high levels of pain-related fear; (iii) those with high levels of distress; and (iv) those with high levels of distress and pain-related fear. These subgroups showed differences in demogra-phics, pain characteristics, quality of life, and acceptance, as well as the degree of MMRP participation and MMRP outcome.

CONCLUSION
Among patients with chronic pain referred to MMRP there are subgroups with different profiles of distress and pain-related fear, which are relevant to understanding the adaptation to pain and MMRP outcome. This knowledge may help us to select patients and tailor treatment for better results.

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

one × 4 =

[ HIDE/SHOW ]