Mannose-binding lectin 2 (MBL2) gene has a significant role in the essential protective mechanism of the body. Variations reported in the genetic makeup of this gene influence the circulating MBL levels that could lead to the vulnerability to various viral infections including HIV. Hence, we assessed the MBL2 coding region (52A/D, 54A/B, and 57A/C) variations in HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND).
In this proposed study, 208 HIV seropositive individuals were included, 104 were on ART undergone for IHDS evaluation (44 HAND+60 without HAND), and 104 HIV seropositive individuals naïve to ART, and 130 unrelated HIV uninfected individuals. PCR-RFLP was used to genotype the MBL2 coding region polymorphism (52A/D, 54A/Band 57A/C).
MBL-2 57AC genotype was associated with risk of HAND severity (OR = 4.69, P = 0.0009). MBL-2 57AC and 57C alleles were associated with susceptibility to HAND (OR = 3.14, P = 0.003). Furthermore, the MBL-2 57AC genotype and 57C allele were found to be significantly linked with the susceptibility to HIV disease severity or HAND. (OR = 6.34, P = 0.001; 16.82% vs. 3.46%, OR = 5.64, P = 0.001). Haplotype ACA was significantly linked with susceptibility to HAND and its severity (OR = 3.23, P = 0.004, 26.1%-8.1%, OR = 4.70, P = 0.0024), similarly, haplotype ACA was linked with the acquisition of HIV-1 (OR = 4.26, P = 0.005). MBL-2 57AC genotype in presence of tobacco showed a significantly higher risk for HIV disease severity (48.0% vs. 12.5%, OR = 7.00, P = 0.035). Alcohol-taking HIV seropositive individuals on ART showed a greater MBL-2 57AC genotype than with alcohol-taking naïve to ART (32.3% vs. 15.4%, OR = 2.75, P = 0.40).
MBL-2 57AC genotype and haplotype ACA were associated with the modulation of HAND. Individuals with haplotype ACA were at higher risk of HIV-1 acquisition.

Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Ltd.