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Impact of mitochondrial nitrite reductase on hemodynamics and myocardial contractility.

Impact of mitochondrial nitrite reductase on hemodynamics and myocardial contractility.
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Dungel P, Penzenstadler C, Ashmwe M, Dumitrescu S, Stoegerer T, Redl H, Bahrami S, Kozlov AV,


Dungel P, Penzenstadler C, Ashmwe M, Dumitrescu S, Stoegerer T, Redl H, Bahrami S, Kozlov AV, (click to view)

Dungel P, Penzenstadler C, Ashmwe M, Dumitrescu S, Stoegerer T, Redl H, Bahrami S, Kozlov AV,

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Scientific reports 2017 09 217(1) 12092 doi 10.1038/s41598-017-11531-3
Abstract

Inorganic nitrite (NO2(-)) can be reduced back to nitric oxide (NO) by several heme proteins called nitrite reductases (NR) which affect both the vascular tonus and hemodynamics. The objective of this study was to clarify the impact of several NRs on the regulation of hemodynamics, for which hemodynamic parameters such as heart rate, blood pressure, arterial stiffness, peripheral resistance and myocardial contractility were characterized by pulse wave analysis. We have demonstrated that NO2(-) reduced to NO in RBCs predominantly influences the heart rate, while myoglobin (Mb) and mitochondria-derived NO regulates arterial stiffness, peripheral resistance and myocardial contractility. Using ex vivo on-line NO-detection, we showed that Mb is the strongest NR occurring in heart, which operates sufficiently only at very low oxygen levels. In contrast, mitochondrial NR operates under both hypoxia and normoxia. Additional experiments with cardiomyocytes suggested that only mitochondria-derived generation of NO regulates cGMP levels mediating the contractility of cardiomyocytes. Our data suggest that a network of NRs is involved in NO2(-) mediated regulation of hemodynamics. Oxygen tension and hematocrit define the activity of specific NRs.

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