Cancer research and treatment : official journal of Korean Cancer Association 2018 04 02() doi 10.4143/crt.2018.084
Although it has been suggested that pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is associated with increased risk of lung cancer, the exact mechanism is not clearly identified. We investigated the effect of pulmonary TB on the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutational status and clinical outcome in patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma.
Materials and Methods
We reviewed data of patients diagnosed with pulmonary adenocarcinoma harboring EGFR mutations and treated at our institution from 2008 to 2015. We divided our population into two groups: patients with pre-existing TB lesions on chest computed tomography scan (TB group) and those without the lesions (non-TB group). We compared the differences in EGFR mutational status, response to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) and survival between the two groups.
A total of 477 patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma were analyzed. 183 (39%) patients had EGFR-mutated tumors and 100 (21%) patients had pre-existing TB lesions. The frequency of EGFR mutation was significantly higher in the TB group compared with the non-TB group (56% vs. 34%, p=0.038). Pre-existing TB lesions were independently associated with more frequent EGFR mutations in multivariate analysis (odds ratio, 1.43). In addition, both the progression-free survival (9.1 months vs. 11.6 months, p=0.020) and the overall survival (19.4 months vs. 24.5 months, p=0.014) after first-line EGFR-TKIs were significantly shorter in the TB group than in the non-TB group.
Previous pulmonary TB may be associated with more frequent EGFR mutations and poorer treatment response to EGFR-TKIs in patients with pulmonary adenocarcinoma.