Smoking was linked to a higher incidence of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in children and adolescents. For a study, researchers looked into the relationship between smoking status 1 year after STEMI and unfavorable outcomes in patients (n=765) under the age of or equal to 60. Patients were divided into 3 groups: nonsmokers, smokers who had quit, and smokers who had started back up again. During a median follow-up of 8 years, the relationship between smoking status and risk for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) was examined. In a presentation with STEMI, the median age was somewhere between 51 ± 7 years (88% men), with 427 (56%) of the population being smokers. A year after STEMI, 120 stopped smoking, 35 resumed smoking after quitting (collected as a single group; n=307), and 272 continued to smoke. Younger age, male gender, lower weight, and poorer socioeconomic level were all associated with continued smoking. The adjusted hazard ratio (95% CI) for myocardial infarction, stroke, unstable angina, mortality, and MACE in people who continued to smoke was 2.51 (1.67 to 3.73), 2.07 (0.94 to 4.56), 3.73 (1.84 to 7.58), 2.52 (1.53 to 4.13), and 2.40 (1.80 to 3.22), respectively. However, the adjusted hazard ratio among patients who had given up smoking was not substantially linked to these outcomes (MACE: 1.20 [0.77 to 1.87], P=0.414; nonsignificant for specific end goals). In conclusion, smoking was prevalent in young and middle-aged STEMI patients, and smoking cessation rates were low. Smokers had worse cardiovascular results and a higher mortality rate 1 year after STEMI than nonsmokers; however, those who gave up smoking appeared to have similar long-term outcomes. The findings underscored the disparity between low abstinence rates in clinical practice and the health advantages of stopping smoking after STEMI.

Source – ajconline.org/article/S0002-9149(22)00424-6/fulltext