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Impact of valve-less vs. standard insufflation on pneumoperitoneum volume, inflammation, and peritoneal physiology in a laparoscopic sigmoid resection experimental model.

Impact of valve-less vs. standard insufflation on pneumoperitoneum volume, inflammation, and peritoneal physiology in a laparoscopic sigmoid resection experimental model.
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Diana M, Noll E, Legnèr A, Kong SH, Liu YY, Schiraldi L, Marchegiani F, Bano J, Geny B, Charles AL, Dallemagne B, Lindner V, Mutter D, Diemunsch P, Marescaux J,


Diana M, Noll E, Legnèr A, Kong SH, Liu YY, Schiraldi L, Marchegiani F, Bano J, Geny B, Charles AL, Dallemagne B, Lindner V, Mutter D, Diemunsch P, Marescaux J, (click to view)

Diana M, Noll E, Legnèr A, Kong SH, Liu YY, Schiraldi L, Marchegiani F, Bano J, Geny B, Charles AL, Dallemagne B, Lindner V, Mutter D, Diemunsch P, Marescaux J,

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Surgical endoscopy 2018 01 12() doi 10.1007/s00464-018-6039-x
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Standard insufflators compensate for intra-abdominal pressure variations with pressure spikes. Our aim was to evaluate the impact of a stable, low-pressure pneumoperitoneum induced by a valve-less insufflator, on working space, hemodynamics, inflammation, and peritoneal physiology, in a model of laparoscopic sigmoid resection.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Twelve pigs (47 ± 3.3 kg) were equipped for invasive hemodynamic monitoring and randomly assigned to Standard (n = 6) vs. valve-less (n = 6) insufflation. Animals were positioned in a 30° Trendelenburg on a CT scan bed. A low-pressure pneumoperitoneum (8 mmHg) was started and duration was set for 180 min. Abdominal CT scans were performed, under neuromuscular blockade, before, immediately after, and 1 and 3 h after insufflation. Pneumoperitoneum volumes were calculated on 3D reconstructed CT scans. After creation of a mesenteric window, capillary blood was obtained by puncturing the sigmoid serosa and local lactatemia (mmol/L) was measured using a handheld analyzer. Surgical resection was performed according to the level of lactates, in order to standardize bowel stump perfusion. IL-1 and IL-6 (ng/mL) were measured repeatedly. The peritoneum was sampled close to the surgical site and distantly for the oxygraphic assessment of mitochondrial respiration. A pathologist applied a semi-quantitative score to evaluate the anastomosis.

RESULTS
Mean arterial pressure, pulse, body temperature, oximetry, systemic lactatemia, and local lactates were similar. IL-6 was lower in the valve-less group, reaching a statistically significant difference after 3 h of insufflation (64.85 ± 32.5 vs. 133.95 ± 59.73; p = 0.038) and 48 h (77.53 ± 68.4 vs. 190.74 ± 140.79; p = 0.029). Peritoneal mitochondrial respiration was significantly increased after the survival period, with no difference among the groups. The anastomoses in the valve-less group demonstrated a lower acute (p = 0.04) inflammatory infiltration. The mean anterior posterior thickness was slightly, yet significantly higher in the valve-less group, on all post-insufflation CT scans.

CONCLUSIONS
Valve-less insufflation achieved a slightly higher working space and a lower systemic and localized inflammatory response in this experimental setting.

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