Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a common but unpredictable complication of surgical interventions. To reveal an association between the blood clot contraction (retraction) and the incidence of postoperative venous thrombosis, 78 patients with brain tumors that were operated on were studied, of which 23 (29%) were diagnosed with postoperative DVT. A clot contraction assay, along with other hemostatic and hematologic tests, was performed 1-3 days before the surgery and on the 1st day and 5-7th days after the surgery. On the 1st postoperative day, clot contraction was significantly suppressed in patients who subsequently developed DVT, compared to the patients without DVT. Importantly, this difference was observed at least 5 days before DVT had developed. The weakening of contraction on the 1st postoperative day was more pronounced in the DVT patients with malignant versus benign brain tumors, atherosclerosis, hypertension, as well as in patients receiving steroids before and during the operation. These results indicate that impaired clot contraction in the postoperative period is associated with imminent DVT, suggesting that it is a prothrombotic risk factor and promotional mechanism. The clot contraction assay has a predictive value in assessing the threat of postoperative thrombosis in patients with benign and malignant brain tumors.