Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI 2018 04 14() doi 10.1002/jmri.26034
Correct staging and treatment initiation in malignant lymphoma depends on accurate lymph node characterization. However, nodal assessment based on conventional and diffusion-weighted (DWI) MRI remains challenging, particularly in smaller nodes.
To evaluate first-order apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) texture parameters compared to mean ADC for lymph node characterization in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) using whole-body DWI (WB-DWI).
Twenty-eight patients with NHL.
3T whole-body DWI using two b-values (0-1000 s/mm ).
Regions of interest were drawn on the three most hyperintense lymph nodes on b1000-images, irrespective of size, in all nodal body regions. Diagnostic performance of mean ADC (ADC ) was compared with first-order ADC texture parameters: standard deviation (ADC ), kurtosis (ADC ), and skewness (ADC ). Additional subanalyses focused on the accuracy of ADC and ADC texture parameters in different lymph node volumes and nodal regions.
Benign and malignant nodes were compared using Mann-Whitney U-tests with 18-Fluoro-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography computed tomography and bone marrow biopsy as reference standard. Receiver operating characteristic analyses were performed to determine cutoff values and calculate sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and positive and negative predictive value (PPV, NPV).
ADC (P = 0.008), ADC and ADC differed significantly between benign and malignant nodes (P < 0.001), while ADC didn't (P = 0.21). ADC was the best discriminating parameter, with 79% sensitivity, 86% specificity, 83% accuracy, 85% PPV, and 81% NPV. In every volume category, ADC yielded the highest accuracy (88% in 0-25 percentile volume, 75% in 25 -75 percentile, 93% in 75-100 percentile). On a per-region basis, ADC accuracy varied 13.6% between nodal regions, while ADC , ADC , and ADC showed interregional variation of 17.4%, 20.3%, and 14.9%, respectively. DATA CONCLUSION
First-order ADC texture analysis with WB-DWI improved lymph node characterization compared to ADC . ADC was the most accurate and robust discriminatory parameter over all lymph node volumes and nodal body regions.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE
3 Technical Efficacy: Stage 2 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2018.