Candida auris is a rapidly emerging human pathogenic fungus with a high mortality rate. A recent report suggests that the new clinical isolates are showing resistance to the major classes of antifungal drugs. Due to the emergence of drug resistance, it becomes imperative to seek novel therapies for the treatment of C. auris. The potent vaccine could be one of the promising strategies for recalcitrant and multidrug-resistant pathogens. Using in silico approach we designed a novel multivalent vaccine against C. auris. We have selected the agglutinin-like sequence-3 (Als3) an adhesion protein, involved in virulence. The Als3p protein of C. auris was targeted to predict T cell and B cell epitopes. Epitopes which were found to be non-toxic, non-allergenic, highly conserved, and antigenic and could induce interferon-γ synthesis were selected for vaccine design. The selected epitopes were linked with suitable adjuvants to construct the final vaccine. The vaccine construct was predicted to be stable, soluble, antigenic, non-allergic with desirable physicochemical properties. We also constructed the 3D model of the vaccine and validated it with the Ramachandran plot. The ability of the vaccine construct to interact with Toll-like receptor (TLR) and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) was determined by molecular docking experiments. The binding energy of the vaccine construct with the TLR and MHC were found to be stable as predicted by molecular dynamics simulation. Further, in-silico cloning analysis showed that the vaccine construct can be successfully cloned and expressed in E. coli. Based on the results, we surmise that our candidate vaccine can be used as an alternative therapy for the treatment of C. auris. However, the efficacy and the safety of the vaccine model need to be determined by performing in vivo studies.Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
About The Expert
M Amin-Ul Mannan