Cytochrome P4501B1 (CYP1B1) is reported to be overexpressed in various malignancies including ovarian, lung, lymph, and breast cancers. The overexpression of this enzyme is accountable for the biotransformation-based inactivation of some anti-cancer drugs i.e. Docetaxel, Paclitaxel, and Cisplatin. To circumvent solutions to this issue, the current study reports some optimized derivatives of benzochalcone as selective CYP1B1 inhibitors. The optimized derivatives were screened using some structure-based drug-designing approaches including molecular docking and molecular dynamics. The implemented approaches revealed that all the designed molecules demonstrated not only essential interactions with key amino acid residues but also maintained stability within the active site of CYP1B1. Furthermore, to validate the in-silico results and develop a SAR, the designed molecules were subsequently synthesized and tested for their ability to selectively inhibit CYP1B1 over CYP1A1 using well established EROD assay. This assay results suggested that compounds 1(c), 1(d), and 1(e) are eightfold more selective CYP1B1 inhibitors over CYP1A1 with IC values ranging from 0.06 to 0.09 μM respectively. Among these, compound 1(d) manifested potent inhibitory activity i.e. IC of 0.06 μM with 24 folds selectivity over 1A1. To have a better insight into the binding pattern of 1(d) within CYP1B1 and precisely compute binding affinity for 1(d)-CYP1B1 complex, one of the advanced QM/MM approaches i.e. ONIOM has been implemented. Where 1(d)-CYP1B1 complex conferred comparable binding affinity in terms of ΔG (kcal/mol) with that of ANF-CYP1B1 complex. This research could provide a suitable starting point for the development of more potent multi-functional compounds with CYP1B1 inhibitory activity.
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