This study was designed to evaluate the meeting of ABC goals in patients with type 2 diabetes. The ABC goals were defined as meeting the HbA1c <7%, systolic blood pressure <130 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure <80 mmHg, and LDL-C <100 mg/dL. We also determined the associated factors with meeting the ABC goals, as well as the effectiveness of statin therapy.
We designed a cross-sectional study of 2008 type 2 diabetes patients attending the diabetes clinics of Valiasr Hospital of Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex. Meeting ABC goals and their associated factors were analyzed from the registered data.
At the end of the year 2014, 61.3% of patients met the HbA1c goal, which increased to 77.8% in 2017. Blood pressure of 79.5% of patients met the ADA recommendations by the end of the year 2014, reaching 86.6% in 2017. Moreover, 84.5% and 93.8% could reach the LDL-C goal in 2014 and 2017, respectively. The proportion for the patients meeting all three ABC goals were 23.2% and 42.1% in 2014 and 2017, respectively.
The level of achievement of ABC goals in Iran is lower than expected and it requires a lot of programming effort and follow-up. As patients are followed over the years, controlling ABC becomes much more favorable.
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